Openwrt Hfsc

Openwrt Hfsctraffic in OpenWRT (or, actually, any Linux box) using tc. Regards, Nishant -- Sent from my Android device with K-9 Mail. I did try setting the MTU and MRU to 552 on the OpenWRT …. OpenWRT Scripts (Formerly known as QoS) QoS Script. The Linux kernel's network stack has network traffic control and shaping features. mainline Linux distributions (as of this writing, at least OpenWRT,. Few routers utilize their full potential out of the box because their firmware limits their functionality. Hi, We're experiencing what appears to be the same problem as well on a Pacemaker cluster of ours; this is causing us. options ALTQ options ALTQ_CBQ options ALTQ_RED options ALTQ_RIO options ALTQ_HFSC options ALTQ_PRIQ options ALTQ_NOPCC options SHMMAXPGS=65536 options SEMMNI=40 options SEMMNS=240 options SEMUME=40 options SEMMNU=120 #options RADIX_MPATH #options COMPAT_FREEBSD8 # Compatible with. Fix regression in cciss driver that if no logical drives are configured, no device nodes at all get created. Create two queues under each, say LAN and WAN. We add an hfsc class with classid X:1 (X = 1) to the qdisc with …. OpenWrt (if you're willing to make the effort) would definitely solve the bufferbloat problem. The kernel image and modules are signed for use with Secure Boot. The current OpenWrt forum resides at https://forum. This exercises cake's diffserv profile (s) as different "layers" of priority. Previous message (by thread): [FS#3537] ramips-mt7621: rcu_sched …. with a global limit set to example 25600kbps & up to 2560kbps, using netmask with 192. The first is in tcp_v6_syn_recv_sock, and appears to be tclass-related: [74530. But I have not tested that (I have only one >> cerowrt/openwrt capable router and that pretty much is my main router). #!/bin/sh ## "atm" for old-school DSL or change to "DOCSIS" for cable modem, or ## "other" or anything else, for everything else LINKTYPE="ethernet" …. 通过命令 echo 0 > /sys/class/graphics/fb0/blank 是禁止休眠. RU ((TOP)) VERIFIED TГ©lГ©charger Un Fichier Josette Barbault-Hovasse-Crimes En Bretagne. Both releases include a number of security fixes. 2 beta UTM, to be sure that the problem is not limited to one particular machine or even one particular OS. But I haven't seen one core openwrt …. After getting it back up, I realized I should have used the Support menu to dig a little further while it was broken. Unbound is a very secure validating, recursive, and caching DNS server primarily developed by NLnet Labs, VeriSign Inc, Nominet, and Kirei. qos on the list of options in the Queue setup script still does not exist even after a router reboot (please see attached screen). map file, the modules built by the packager, and scripts that try to ensure that the system is not left in an unbootable state after an update. Over the weekend I got my ASUS RT N-16 out of the basement and did some basic testing with OpenWRT, firstly with Barrier Breaker 14. + tc class add dev ifb0 parent 1:1 classid 1:10 hfsc rt m1 232kbit d 1907us m2 102kbit ls m1 232kbit d 1907us m2 568kbit ul rate 1024kbit [ 478. Load with traffic hitting the bandwidth limit configured in QOS/SQM configuration. 7 with simple, layer_cake, hfsc_lite and hfsc_litest scripts with intentionally limited SQM settings 85000/10000 (that I use normally), 110000/15000 (that should exceed my connection and totally burden the router's CPU), as well as 110000/15000 using Wifi. Пересобираем ядро с поддержкой ALTQ, указав в конфигурации: options ALTQ options ALTQ_CBQ # Class Bases Queuing (CBQ) options ALTQ_RED # Random Early Detection (RED) options ALTQ_RIO # RED In/Out options ALTQ_HFSC # Hierarchical Packet Scheduler (HFSC) options ALTQ_PRIQ # Priority Queuing (PRIQ. Clone via HTTPS Clone with Git or checkout with SVN using the repository's web address. Définissez le masque de sous-réseau à : /64. 4G: 60:84:BD:xx:xx:2A (ART, 0x18 (hex)) 5G: 60:84:BD:xx:xx:2B (ART, 0x1E (hex)) U-Boot. Alternate OpenWRT firmware for the DGL-5500 (HOW TO) uses hfsc + fq_codel, sqm-scripts uses htb + fq_codel) I have seen devices with lousy timestamping facilities, which would affect fq_codel, but not htb or hfsc…. - Software versions of OpenWrt/LEDE release, packages, etc. The first step is to set the relevant tc classes for each device in the tcdevices file: [[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/shorewall/tcdevices #INTERFACE 97%_down 90%_up options (set hfsc) wan 224mbit:200kb 9mbit hfsc br0 1000mbit:200kb 1000mbit hfsc…. It then acts as a fully operative wireless router on your ISDN line. This script requires that cake is selected as qdisc. help (IPQ) # help ? - alias for 'help' all_led_off- All LED Off all_led_on- All LED On base - print or set address offset bootipq - bootipq from flash device bootm - boot application image from memory bootmbn - bootmbn. We add an fq_codel qdisc to the 1:1 hfsc class. 2 parent 2: protocol ip prio 1 u32 match ip dst 192. A forum to discuss the Gargoyle web interface for Openwrt. mtu 1492 qdisc hfsc state UNKNOWN qlen 3 link/ppp. 1Q VLAN模型以及 trunk模式;4 支持 BFD 和 802. To access the pfSense webconfigurator, open a web browser on a computer connected to your firewall and enter https:// [your LAN IP address]. 168863] invalid inflight: 1 state 1 cwnd 10 mss 1448 Fri Sep 20 19:23:29 2019 kern. Specifications: - SoC: Atheros AR9344 - RAM: 64 MB - Storage: 128 MB NAND - Wireless: Atheros AR9340 (SoC) 802. If a packet matches a shaper rule, it will be assigned into the queues specified by that rule. mt7628 mt7688 openwrt sdk4300 sdk. I tried Rooter, OpenWRT, MBIM and QMI mode and also ModemManeger but the problem is always the same. the cause of complete shit hfsc throughput on k4. Posted: Fri May 26, 2006 2:24 am Post subject: QoS script for the OpenWRT firmware. 4ghz network and 1 5ghz network, connected over ethernet to AT&T “really-not-DSL-but-kind-of” service. ath79: add support for MikroTik SXT 5nD r2 (SXT Lite5) The MikroTik SXT Lite5 (product code RBSXT5nDr2, also SXT 5nD r2) is an outdoor 5GHz CPE with a …. The Traffic Control utility manages queueing disciplines, their classes and attached filters and actions. This entry is part of Enlil Handy Network Emulator Lets check if is RB450G board is correctly detected, if MIPS High Resolution Times is used …. set traffic-policy network-emulator burst. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 5 months ago. drwxr-xr-x 24 mitsec nobody 4096 Jul 9 10:01. *Re: [PATCH net] net: fq_codel: Fix off-by-one error 2013-03-28 23:52 [PATCH net] net: fq_codel: Fix off-by-one error Vijay Subramanian @ 2013-03-29 15:01 ` Eric. 955660] RTL871X: rtw_ndev_uninit(wlan2) [email protected]:/# iwinfo wlan0 ESSID: unknown Access Point: 74:03:BD:BC:1D:9B Mode: Client Channel: unknown (unknown) Tx. c (revision 313330) @@ -1,1397 +1,1396. The init string on the OpenWRT router seems to be the same on as advised for use on the Netgear wireless router (FWG114P). Hierarchical Fair Service Curve guarantees precise bandwidth and delay allocation for leaf classes and allocates excess bandwidth fairly. triple-isolation does not really. -rwxr-xr-x 1 mitsec mitsec 1780588 Jan 20 2006 2005 FBI Computer Crime Survey Report. err insmod: module is already loaded - cls_fw Wed Oct 28 00:02:08 2015 daemon. Ath10k-ct firmware crashes (Zyxel Z2, qca9984) Installing and Using OpenWrt tables crc_ccitt compat act_skbedit act_mirred em_u32 cls_u32 cls_tcindex cls_flow cls_route cls_fw sch_tbf sch_htb sch_hfsc sch_ingress ledtrig_usbport ip6t_REJECT nf_reject_ipv6 nf_log_ipv6 nf_log_common ip6table_mangle ip6table_filter ip6_tables x. Internet connectivity and troubleshooting. FS#1136 - HFSC kernel warnings with QoS / SQM #6379 Closed openwrt-bot opened this issue on Oct 31, 2017 · 8 comments openwrt-bot commented on Oct 31, 2017 codemarauder: Device problem occurs on x86_64 - PC Engines APU2 Software versions of LEDE release, packages, etc. Example3: traffic shaping and prioriziting for multiple users with HFSC The default behavior of HFSC is to drop not classified traffic. Download kernel-default-devel-5. We highly suggest using HFSC …. php [email protected] [~]# ls -la media/ ## we know u luv it k3v1n total 1292888 drwxr-xr-x 2 mitsec mitsec 4096 Jan 20 16:51. I like to think of OpenWRT as the Debian of router firmwares: customizable, modular, and free. ath79: add support for MikroTik SXT 5nD r2 (SXT Lite5) The MikroTik SXT Lite5 (product code RBSXT5nDr2, also SXT 5nD r2) is an outdoor 5GHz CPE with a 16 dBi integrated antenna built around the Atheros AR9344 SoC. 2018 FS#1255 - Warning messages in dmesg about net/sched/sch_hfsc…. It provides rich feature sets. Works great for me, but took me a month to figure it out. ) This should print a series of insmod and tc commands used to set up the QoS subsystem. The name of the qdisc will be 11 or 11: or 11:0 (handle 11, but we could have chosen 42) We add a filter to the fq_codel to put each packet in a class. It is currently in the release candidate phase and will replace the current stable release once finalized. Example1: Traffic Prioritizing with PRIO. Advantage over current IMQ; cleaner in particular in SMP; with a _lot_ less code. @lics,你好,我近期也在做openwrt下的校验,硬件是AR9344(2. If you want to contribute to the OpenWrt wiki, please post HERE in the forum or ask on IRC for access. One took Master Role and other Aux all fine for about a minute. libnl is a library for applications dealing with netlink sockets. Also I have also seen that pfSense mentions that HFSC …. it act_mirred em_u32 cls_u32 cls_tcindex cls_flow cls_route cls_fw sch_hfsc sch_ingress ath10k_pci ath10k_core ath mac80211 cfg80211 compat ledtrig_usbdev ip6t_REJECT ip6t_rt ip6t_hbh ip6t_mh ip6t_ipv6header ip6t_frag ip6t_eui64 ip6t_ah ip6table_raw ip6table_mangl. This manual page was written by Loganaden Velvindron. Also I have also seen that pfSense mentions that HFSC [2] that is. 2-3 build overnight with unaligned_action=2, I found two new unaligned access traps that were …. We updated our Cluster this Weekend to 18. Miguel Ojeda has moved Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds. Here you can find the latest (and some older) builds from this forum. I don't quite understand about too big to fit. This package contains header files for libnl. OpenWRT: Instalação básica com vídeo. Hierarchical Fair Service Curve * tc-hsfc a manual page is not available yet * SIGCOMM1997: First introduction of the HFSC algorithm . I really like fq_codel but I have heard really good things about cake. openwrt下面的几个脚本的顺序应该是这样排列的吧 qos-scripts(connmark+hfsc)>石像鬼(hfsc)>sqm qos-scripts是挺接近tomato qos的,可惜这个hfsc太数学化了,我表示解释不清。宁愿用htb对流量分组进行精确分组获取低延迟,也不用hfsc …. chrono Tue, 14 Jul 2015 14:31:49 …. In response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, decentralized international hacktivist collective Anonymous has hacked into a Russian website and Linux terminal and nearly triggered an explosion in an industrial gas control system. By Chris Wilson on 05 August 2011. intercepts packets in various points of the protocol stack; passes packets through a …. Execute um navegador em um computador com acesso ao roteador que o DD-WRT está instalado. Not only does the author, rudy, provide two versions; htb & hfsc; but his methodology is well explained and thought out. attach red qdisc to an interface, then run `tc -s qdisc` and see segfault. 4G)+AR9380(5G),在openwrt下能正常使用WIFI(ART分区使用 …. I stopped caring about the IETF; Lede (openwrt) Flent Network Test Suite Sqm-Scripts The Cake shaper AQMs in BSD IETF AQM WG Network Performance Related Resources. qos, after reading this description: nxt_routed_hfsc. I tested new R7800 with different qdiscs and HFSC seems to cause problems. 2018 Last edited by Ted Hess - 22. org/docs/guide-user/network/traffic-shaping/ . This entry is part of Enlil Handy Network Emulator Lets check if is RB450G board is correctly detected, if MIPS High Resolution Times is used and if we can use original BackFire TC command which is used as control tool tool in NetEm too. The "[email protected] " portion would need to be tailored to your system. sh all | sh -x + insmod cls_fw + insmod sch_hfsc + insmod sch_sfq + insmod sch_red + ifconfig eth1 up txqueuelen 5 + tc qdisc del dev eth1 root + tc qdisc add dev eth1 root handle 1: hfsc default 30 + tc class add dev eth1 parent 1: classid 1:1 hfsc …. The sysroots provide target architecture base headers, base libraries, and convenient cc and c++ wrapper scripts. rpm for Mageia 8 from Mageia Core …. OpenWrt, to see how they work with properly setup bandwidth limits and also with completely wrong bandwidth limits. Instalacja pakietów i skryptów odpowiedzialnych za QoS w OpenWrt jak wszystko (prawie) jest prosta i banalna. Re: HFSC scheduling and Linux vlans, Jorge Dávila [ANNOUNCE] conntrack-tools 0. 摘要:Openwrt配置QOS流量带宽限制 QoS的底层是tc,其目的就是决定先发送哪些包。openwrt默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级:最高、高、普通、低 。 说到openwrt,就不能不提一下QoS。尤其是如果你需要用P2P软件(目前对迅雷的支持还不大好),基本就不能不开QoS。. OpenWRT默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级。 说到openwrt,就不能不提一下QoS。尤其是如果你需要用P2P软件(目前对迅雷的支 …. m45t3r wrote: moeller0 wrote: So according to my interpretation that is a usage of 100-78=22%, that is not much. 2011-11-22 UPDATE: I have set up a HFSC …. Problem is, my WAN is a moving 3G connection, with variable performances. (400mbit bidirectional) I had 2 oops within 24 hours of operation. On top of that, if you can setup HFSC traffic shaping, you can give 40/443 the lions share of the bandwidth while letting everything else use any free bandwidth. sh with Streamboost turned off, then on. In the traffic-shaper, on your LAN interface, create an HFSC leaf queue called "qPing". rpm: API documentation for libnl3: libnm-gtk-1. notice firewall: Reloading firewall due to ifup of wan6 (eth0) Fri May 4 23:08:51 2018 user. Seems to happen during normal use of router - simple …. com is the number one paste tool since 2002. OpenWrt calls this SQM, although it's also called active queue management - AQM. i8042:Unable_to_get_stable_CTR_read; From: kernel test robot ; Date: Mon, 25 Apr 2016 10:13:41 +0800; Cc: 0day robot , LKML , [email protected]; Reply-to: kernel test robot ; User-agent: Heirloom mailx 12. 在 openwrt 下面,qos 有 htb hfsc,tc 工具真正处理 ack syn fin 之类的小包而 ros 没有 tc 所谓的小包处理用的是 iptables length 对包大小进行检测。 …. 74248-ee409b6) sch_hfsc sch_ingress videobuf2_vmalloc videobuf2_memops videobuf2_core v4l2_common. H ow do I display the list of loaded Linux Kernel modules or device drivers on Linux operating systems? You need to use the lsmod command, …. openwrt里的qos-scripts和石像鬼就用的这个hfsc,你可以看到内部的脚本生成。hfsc对于数学不好的挺难理解的。它最大的特点是延迟可计算,这就要求有一定的保障带宽。. machines into a real-time HFSC queue with guaranteed total bandwidth Based on your settings: Game upload guarantee = $GAMEUP kbps Game download guarantee = $GAMEDOWN kbps Download direction only works if you install this on a *wired* router and there is a separate AP wired into your network, because otherwise. 4 Open vSwitch Open vSwitch (OVS) is a virtual switch made by software [18]. Info: DDR frequency set from clkfreq=1000,*800*. ! Includes asymmetric bandwidth and latency model! CoDel may make the ns-3. New Build - 12-21-2019 - r41771 DD-WRT Forum Forum Index-> Atheros WiSOC based Hardware: Goto page 1, 2, 3, 4 Next1, 2, 3, 4 Next. 27 #2 Thu Apr 21 11:49:43 MSD 2011 mips GNU/Linux Backfire (10. download OpenWrt-ImageBuilder untar and jump into directory make image PROFILE=TLWA901 PACKAGES="-wpad-mini wpad luci zabbix-extra-mac80211 zabbix-extra-network zabbix-extra-wifi" copy image into old running Celý článek upgrade openwrt HFSC - Hierarchical fair-service curve Jedná se o plánovací algoritmus, který umí nejlépé. caused below changes (please refer to …. tetap tahan reset sekitar 30 dtk, baru lepaskan. O openwrt Project information Project information Activity Labels Members Repository Repository Files Commits Branches Tags Contributors Graph …. openwrt默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级。 说到openwrt,就不能不提一下QoS。 版,小苏为大家带来的是自己编译的OpenWrt固件~经过很长时间的打磨(咕咕),"自编译OpenWrt固件"现已支持树莓派全系设备(1B~4B),竞斗云和x86_64设备。. Monitoring / Quota / QoS Issues. 1) Use the TC stab option if you use the thrunk version of OpenWrt. A network scheduler, also called packet scheduler, queueing discipline (qdisc) or …. sh This file contains bidirectional Unicode text that may be interpreted or compiled differently than what appears below. There are no obvious gaps in this topic, but there may still be some posts missing at the end. # HFSC stands for Hierarchical Fair Service Curve. Trochę bardziej problematycznym jest wybór skryptu odpowiedzialnego za (wersja HFSC) - Konfiguracja nano /etc/qos. eTomm: I setup my EA8500 with the latest LEDE branch. Without shaping, your openwrt internet router would behave like a brainless fifo queue. Status: In Progress Priority: Normal Assignee: Dave Täht. It is pretty cool (and definitely more secure) to run OpenBSD but you can probably get most of the upside by slapping OpenWRT …. HFSC scheduling and Linux vlans, Jorge Dávila. 2) sólo como cliente con el segundo conjunto de puertos. Debian 10 (Buster) Debian Main amd64. OpenWrt Bugs openwrt-bugs at lists. OpenWrt uses scripts by default, though the X-Wrt web interface add-on package presents it as a much nicer page under the “Network” tab. >> If you are talking about comparing QOS-scripts with SQM-scripts, they >> also seem to top out at roughly 50-60 Mbps (down- and uplink combined), it >> seems hfsc …. Traffic shaping with PF, ALTQ and HFSC. Open vSwitch的特性1 支持通过NetFlow sFlow IPFIX, SPAN, RSPAN, 和 GRE-tunneled镜像使虚拟机内部通讯可以被监控;2 支持LACP (IEEE 802. 2, is connected to a cable modem. If it does work, then: - shorewall start - try the ping command again - shorewall dump > dump and forward the dump file. îì 'ü häz ~ ™i‹ Á ?Å%ó}Ìú ö¶ ¦rȼˆWä´c,°¤h'º:Q5]Õ á]wo³Ëû #yP~½ Þ¨P Í•£ùå0g X9 Oê·AµwŽ ¥·ça3«b } HwŸÎ0 ‹‡=ûâÂ_ 0˜ÜÈ9Æ¥' íi9"0 #•µõ†V£ ¸šXY´ê$ o É ý z ‰7ë¤Ô"!&³ „ã§/çâŸ^:y®yãt. With cake + hfsc some people have reported good bufferbloat with QoS on the r7800 (or other newer routers) up to the 200-400 mbps range. After the update both Devices …. Witam, Mam problem z OpenWRT, nie wiem do końca czy to problem z OpenWRT czy z urządzeniem, sprawa wygląda tak dzisiaj na …. Pastebin is a website where you can store text …. The hierarchical fair-service curve (HFSC) is a network scheduling algorithm for a network scheduler proposed by Ion Stoica, Hui …. Packets with DSCP tags CS5, CS6, CS7 will be sent to the realtime queue. Pattern match "phpmyadmin" at REQUEST_URI 403 [email protected] [~]# #[email protected] [~]# cat config. استریم‎های HD که دائما بافر می‎شوند، تماس‎های ویدیویی که قطع و وصل می‎شوند و ایجاد وقفه در بازی از جمله مشکلاتی هستند که. The new Codel algorithm in OpenWRT / Attitude Adjustment should help a lot. HFSC: thuật toán OpenWrt/FreeWrt là những hệ điều hành được tích hợp trên thiết bị phần cứng cũng hoạt động khá ổn định khi sử dụng OpenVPN. com] is Ubuntu; they take OpenWRT and add a web interface to make it simpler to use. If you have the money, buy a Netgear WNDR3800 and install CeroWRT, you'll probably see. hostapd: add basic variant Add a basic variant which provides WPA-PSK only, 802. 今日重新讀了OpenWRT 中付的qos-scripts,發現它其實高度整合了IMQ、L7-Filter 等機制與HFSC, SFQ, RED scheduling algorithms ,並且使用了新的UCI . The Dell XPS 13 Plus is one of the most interesting …. txt for help/info on IDE drives +#. We've been working on fixing bufferbloat now for a few years, and there has been a lot of confusing dialog over here that I'd like to …. this is not normal behavior as a low uplink limit of 128kbps will limit downlink to around 6-8mbps, but having ack. 178925] WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 0 at 0xffffffff8166702d Fri Sep 20 19:23:29 2019 kern. پهنای باند روتر خود را اولويت‌بندی کنید تا عملکرد شبکه بهبود یابد. csdn已为您找到关于lede mesh x86相关内容,包含lede mesh x86相关文档代码介绍、相关教程视频课程,以及相关lede mesh x86问答内容。为您解决当下相关问题,如果想了解更详细lede mesh x86内容,请点击详情链接进行了解,或者注册账号与客服人员联系给您提供相关内容的帮助,以下是为您准备的相关内容。. Since then though, I've had a few times where 5Ghz has just disconnected all devices, even through 2. I had to add a extra qdisc rule for my wan interface tc qdisc del dev eth1. 07 based firmware by yourself, the problem should be fixed. Especially it was shown that HTB behaves differently from HFSC and cake in CPU limited mode: HTB will keep the added latency low, sacrificing more bandwidth (sometimes considerably more bandwidth) while the other two shaper sacrifice less bandwidth but will also increase the latency under load (or show more bufferbloat). in #openwrt and #openwrt-devel on freenode if you need more info/traces. A network scheduler, also called packet scheduler, queueing discipline (qdisc) or queueing algorithm, is an arbiter on a node in a packet switching …. there are some ready-made scripts like this one and few . March 18, 2016 The FlowQueue-CoDel Packet Scheduler and Active Queue Management Algorithm draft-ietf-aqm-fq-codel-06 Abstract This memo presents the FQ-CoDel …. tc-hsfc a manual page is not available yet. Miguel Ojeda has moved Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton …. c (revision 313329) +++ head/contrib/netcat/netcat. (v24 builds of 17830 do work for Repeater mode nowso its unique to the K26 builds)" redhawk0 2267 Support: 3Com 3CRWER100-75 Sash new 2011-11-26T15:14:51+01:00 2013-05-30T11:18:26+02:00 "HW: CPU - Atheros 2315A LAN Switch - IP175C RAM 16MB - NANYA NT5SV8M16DS-6K Flash 4MB - ST 25P32V6P running redboot and openwrt DD-WRT DIR300A1 on. QoS (using HFSC qdisc) and Curfew scripts used in my OpenWRT router. 7 with simple, layer_cake, hfsc_lite and hfsc_litest …. I myself use PFSense and I haven't had to worry about bandwidth or latency in a long time. Just for more info, it's a linksys e1200 on dd-wrt version 19342 mini) Some have said they had luck changing the packet scheduler(Currently HFSC, going to switch to HTB …. 对于复杂的流量管制方案,阶层式演算法是必要的。新近版本的linux可采用的演算法有htb和hfsc 。而htb基本上是将token bucket filter( tbf )转换成 . openwrt下面的几个脚本的顺序应该是这样排列的吧 qos-scripts(connmark+hfsc)>石像鬼(hfsc)>sqm qos-scripts是挺接近tomato qos的,可惜这个hfsc太数学化了,我表示解释不清。宁愿用htb对流量分组进行精确分组获取低延迟,也不用hfsc获得精确的延迟。. List of currently loaded kernel modules and to remove a module: lsmod rmmod sch_hfsc. On day 1, I can have 5 Mbps, and rainy day 2 is down to 2 Mbps. rpm for AlmaLinux 8 from AlmaLinux BaseOS repository. 0' option ip6assign '60' config interface 'wan' option ifname 'eth1' option proto 'dhcp' option hostname 'openwrt…. The first step is to set the relevant tc classes for each device in the tcdevices file: [[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/shorewall/tcdevices #INTERFACE 97%_down 90%_up options (set hfsc) wan 224mbit:200kb 9mbit hfsc br0 1000mbit:200kb 1000mbit hfsc. Search: Usg Smart Queue Throughput. I wouldn't put my faith in anything software driven on a PC as opposed to hardware driven (switch, router, UTM, etc. Pastebin is a website where you can store text online for a …. The classification is saved on the connection, so incoming packets are identified as well. McKenney Expires: September 19, 2016 IBM Linux Technology Center D. But here you don't need scripts. Here the LAN-facing br0 interface gets full gigabit, but the WAN interface wan gets 97% of its down speed. git / shortlog commit grep author committer pickaxe ? search: re summary | shortlog | log | commit | commitdiff | tree first ⋅ prev ⋅ next. Here is a quick and easy "hands-on" example of using HFSC's decoupled delay and bandwidth allocation. Handling a link with a variable (or unknown) bandwidth 8. 217 /* find the class with the minimum deadline among the eligible classes */ 218 static inline struct hfsc_class * 219 eltree_get_mindl (struct hfsc_sched * …. Openwrt配置QOS流量带宽限制 QoS的底层是tc,其目的就是决定先发送哪些包。openwrt默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级:最高、高、普通、低。 说到openwrt,就不能不 . #!/bin/bash #针对不同的ip进行限速 #清空原有规则 tc qdisc del dev eth0 root #创建根序列 tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 1: htb default 1 #创建 …. Check system and board detection CPU revision is: 00019374 (MIPS 24Kc)…. Signed-off-by: Hauke Mehrtens git-svn-id: svn://svn. It also has a configuration based on hfsc and fq_codel, but that didn't work as well on my setup. Star Labs’ StarLite Mk IV Linux Laptop Is Now Available to Order. I can only comment on the HTB part, as I have no experience with HFSC. House of Representatives Financial Services Committee (HFSC) Task Force on Artificial Intelligence continues to …. Running a FON Hotspot with DD-WRT on La Fonera. So it’s not necessary to set upload 90% of your linespeed. S-S R Pro 添加游戏模式,碉堡,全局 UDP 转发支持. we want to limit bandwidth of the given …. xz for Arch Linux from Arch Linux Core repository. Except where otherwise noted, content on this wiki is licensed under the following license: CC Attribution-Share Alike 4. UBIの番号はアタッチ順であるため、混同を避けるには既に /dev/ubi* が存在する場合は一旦デタッチしておくのが吉。. На плате 2 Ethernet 100Мбит, объединенные в мост tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 1:0 hfsc default 1 tc class add dev eth0 parent 1:0 classid 1:1 hfsc sc rate 30mbit ul rate 30mbit tc qdisc add dev eth1 root handle 1:0 hfsc default 1 tc class. Shell Actions Github Openwrt Projects (691) Openwrt Feed Projects (414) Firewall Iptables Projects (320) Shell Openwrt Projects (251) Ip Iptables Projects (237) Rules Iptables Projects (231) Package Openwrt …. 9 of the OpenWrt router distribution are available. ticket,summary,component,version,milestone,type,owner,status,created,_changetime,_description,_reporter 4743,Zombie [sh] processes caused by Inadyn (workaround in. The default behavior of HFSC is to drop packets that aren't classified, so it's safer to use default. tables compat br_netfilter fuse act_connmark nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 sch_tbf sch_ingress sch_htb sch_hfsc em_u32 cls_u32 cls_tcindex cls_route cls_matchall cls_fw cls_flow cls_basic act_skbedit act_mirred ledtrig_usbport. The content of this topic has been archived on 26 Apr 2018. netfilter: add missing dependency for kernel 4. Hoeiland-Joergensen Internet-Draft Karlstad University Intended status: Experimental P. Example2: plain simple bandwidth/traffic sharing with HTB · Example3: traffic shaping and prioriziting for multiple users with HFSC . Linux kernel use a term modules for all hardware device drivers. After thoroughly reading this wiki page, you are going to write a shell script which will invoke tc a couple of times and configure the packet scheduler. Hierarchical Fair Service Curve. 2 class hfsc 1:11 parent 1:1 leaf 10: rt m1 37Mbit d 25. 也不知道为什么会有这么大的损耗, 从脚本里没看到这部分损耗存在啊。. git / search commit grep author committer pickaxe ? search: re summary | shortlog | log | commit | commitdiff | tree first ⋅ prev ⋅ …. This did not initially work for me for Upload limiting. This script sets up a HFSC queue system on your WAN and LAN ethernet interfaces. Cake's principal author is Jonathan Morton, with contributions from Tony Ambardar, Kevin Darbyshire-Bryant, Toke Høiland- Jørgensen, Sebastian …. A controller configures and manages the switch via this. If the qos-scripts package is installed and enabled with the default. 对象 ,openwrt 默认的规则是 hfsc,设计了四个优先级。 最高 Priority ,处理22,53,icmp,以及小于 128 字节的 syn,ack 包中,不属于 bulk 类别的。 高 Express ,处理 5190 和小于 500 字节的 UDP 包。. deb for Debian Sid from Debian Main repository. jonozzz: This happened on OpenWrt SNAPSHOT r13520-68b94f0fb4, but it's pretty random. If the file option is given, the tc does not listen to kernel events, but opens the given file and dumps its contents. Tried QoS at web-interface: both HTB and HFSC. ARGH, frustrating in how there is very little consistency between linux apps, for example, openwrt build env vs gargoyle and so on. This is a QoS Script using the Hierarchical fair-service curve scheduler (HFSC). +# Please see Documentation/ide/ide. rpm for ALT Linux P9 from Classic repository. But: I'd rather like to get more eyeballs on it and feedback on how. Crash When Loading XR819 Drivers on OpenWRT Master - gist:927fa855ec77dd21ba902253b6d7bd23. The "best" way would be to use HFSC and configure how you want different types of traffic to be their bandwidth split up, but it is considered an advanced subject. qos, no, This three band HFSC configuration is intended for a common residential router. J'ai commencé à tester la partie QOS de PFsense, qui semble très interessante pour la téléphonie car le HFSC devrait permettre en théorie de. Factory install: First-time installation on a device. FYI, we noticed the following commit (built with gcc-7): commit: 50b7ae6af5671168cc6cf2de959b02584e4c3f87 ("rcu: Diagnostics for grace-period hangs") https://git. klu gx salah prosedur, lampu power tetap berwarna biru. netfilter: netns nf_conntrack: per-netns net. short QoS comparison between OpenWrt and dd-wrt. I lost a couple features, but gained one of the best QoS and bandwidth management systems I have seen on a router to date. With lsmod you can verify that device driver is loaded for particular hardware. 740000] WARNING: at net/sched/sch_hfsc. rpm: Private libraries for NetworkManager GUI support. You can use my (already unpacked) resources and paste them into Gargoyle via SSH. take a look at linux QoS mechanism, i suggest you investigate HFSC rather than HTB. This is probably the reason why you failed at setting up FQ-CoDel properly. 虽然 HTB 基本上将令牌桶过滤器 (TBF) 重新排列为分层结构,从而保留了 TBF 的主要特征,但 HFSC …. It has been fixed first in trunk by r43562 and then also in BB14. Flash instruction: The only way to flash LEDE image in TL-WR902AC v3 is to use tftp recovery mode in U-Boot:. Openwrt常用软件模块之QOS服务质量(Quality of Service,QoS)就是指网络通信过程中,保障用户业务在带宽、 时延、抖动和丢包 …. To: Mark Laws ; Subject: [lkp] [Input] 50fea9b0cf: kmsg. 21 release (August); FQ-CoDel and SFQ- CoDel likely for ns-3. sch_hfsc Wed Oct 28 00:02:08 2015 daemon. rtc-x1205: Fix alarm set I have discovered that the current version of rtc-x1205. Unfortunately, the nxt_routed_hfsc. Rules for the shaper work the same as firewall rules, and allow the same matching characteristics. drop in replacement for openwrt's qos is hard Added by Dave Täht on Jan 30, 2012. Tony2k wrote: ↑ Mon Apr 12, 2021 7:32 pm I have exactly the same problem with my ZBT-WE826 + Sierra EM7455, every 3-4 hours it looses internet connection and I have to restart wwan. openwrt默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级。说到openwrt,就不能不提一下QoS。尤其是如果你需要用P2P软件(目前对迅雷的支持还不大好),基本就不能不开QoS。QoS的全称是Quality of Service,意即服务质量。. The Intermediate Functional Block device is the successor to the IMQ iptables module that was never integrated. qos: no : This single band HFSC configuration is the bare minimum. I'm running latest trunk on my wr1043nd router and I see that some qos kernel modules cause kernel panic. Membangun Manajemen Bandwidth Router. Enable 'Explicit Congestion Notification'. 2005-09-04: wbx: fix squashfs mapping: commit | commitdiff | tree: 2005-09-04: wbx: add b44 driver: commit | commitdiff | tree: 2005-09-04. Debian 11 (Bullseye) Debian Main arm64. Max down = 10% less than your download speed test. I can use GRE over IPsec VTI tunnel fine, but when I simplified some tunnels down to GRE over IPsec transport, no incoming traffic is possible. iproute-tc - Linux Traffic Control utility. Code: Select all Fri May 4 23:08:49 2018 user. 在 openwrt 下面,qos 有 htb hfsc,tc 工具真正处理 ack syn fin 之类的小包而 ros 没有 tc 所谓的小包处理用的是 iptables length 对包大小进行检测。 至于包到连接的过程,linux 系统的 connmark restore 结构非常高效而从 ros 的语法规则却看不出个所以然来。. I'm still trying to get my Wifi to work better for us at the moment. All qdiscs and classes have individual id which has the format m:n, where m is the major number and n is …. r10147 r10744 1 --- iproute-20071016. Shell Actions Github Openwrt Projects (691) Openwrt Feed Projects (414) Firewall Iptables Projects (320) Shell Openwrt Projects (251) Ip Iptables Projects (237) Rules Iptables Projects (231) Package Openwrt Projects (220). 1 in order to resolve the issue. there's a modified version of the linux hfsc implementation, which is able to deal with wireless networks (it supports varying signal levels and throughput). Example2: plain simple bandwidth/traffic sharing with HTB. Supply the following if possible: - Device problem occurs on. Using OpenWRT based router firmware, I have tried using TC and am having issues with incompatibility. Openwrt常用软件模块之QOS服务质量(Quality of Service,QoS)就是指网络通信过程中,保障用户业务在带宽、 时延、抖动和丢包率等方面获得可预期的服务水平。家庭网内部的QoS主要指保证用户实时交互的业务符合用户的要求服务模型QoS 服务模型是指一组实现端到端服务质量保证的方式,QoS 服务模型. rpm for CentOS 7 from CentOS repository. 0ms m2 9000Kbit ul m1 0bit d 0us m2 30000Kbit Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0) I tried your script on my OpenWRT router because it seems simple and do what I want. # Which in my case is 8 bytes for VDSL2 (14+4+4) w/o PPPOE (8bytes) ISTAB_OPTS="stab linklayer ethernet overhead 22" # The formula is RATE/HZ openwrt/gargoyle=100hz or RATE * tickrate (10ms) # then converted to bytes (which is actually 8. 摘要: - Open vSwitch 安装 - Open vSwitch 命令行 - Open vSwitch 运行原理 - Open vSwitch 性能监控前言由之前发布的文章知道 Open vSwitch(Open …. com, then you could add to /etc/opkg. gsm 01-mount base-files:mipsel:. 00010203 04050607 08090A0B 0C0D0E0F 0123456789ABCDEF BDD4F0 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000. For cases where this functionality is not available, the queue can be controlled by means of a software rate limiter such as Hierarchical Token Bucket [HTB] or Hierarchical Fair-Service Curve [HFSC…. : one of them is downloading st. Si su dispositivo ya está ejecutando LEDE (u OpenWrt) descargue el ¿Alguien realmente entiende cómo HFSC programación en Linux/BSD . x sono in fase alpha oppure beta. Free Software Sentry - watching and reporting maneuvers of those threatened by software freedom. It offers 5 classes of traffic. 07 branch with r43566 in Dec2014, but that fix is naturally not in the original BB14. Thanks to an open-source project called DD-WRT…. Hice tres vlans - cada una está vinculada a un número de puerto corespondiente. QoS的底层是tc,其目的就是决定先发送哪些包。openwrt默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级:最高、高、普通、低 。 说到openwrt,就不能不提一下QoS。尤其是如果你需要用P2P软件(目前对迅雷的支持还不大好),基本就不能不开QoS。. This is the class that will get all the traffic not match be any filter (still following). Hello Community, this is my first Post here. Mezi jeho hlavní vlastnosti patří: Široká podpora protokolů a rozhraní Iperf; IPtables, HFSC shaping; Flexibilita nastavení. openwrt_scripts has a low active ecosystem. 100000] $ 0 : 00000000 00000001 86b5f83e 00000000 [74530. The generic name of Quality of Service or Traffic Control involves things like shaping traffic, scheduling or dropping packets, which …. 01 more advanced than OpenWrt 15. 01+ support should have OpenWRT's . Two things go wrong: - the X1205 requires a 10 msec delay after any attempt to write to the non-volatile. map file, the modules built by the packager, …. OpneFlow Switch and the controller using the procedures. csdn已为您找到关于openwrt wan口up脚本相关内容,包含openwrt wan口up脚本相关文档代码介绍、相关教程视频课程,以及相关openwrt wan口up脚本问答内容。为您解决当下相关问题,如果想了解更详细openwrt …. 2 stable branch, for instance) LuCI is based on Lua, a powerful, fast, lightweight, embeddable scripting language, which is why. What is the problem you are having with rclone? When trying to run rclone from a batch script to mount all my drives to virtual mount points in OpenWRT, some files are read but always end up in Access denied errors, and after a seemingly random amount of time (regardless of read/write activity) the entire system will soft-reboot with several things broken (IPv6 routing breaking, inability to. FQ makes a huge difference on the uplink as well, and I dearly wish fq_codel had got its day in the sun on the DOCSIS 3. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu. Index: head/contrib/netcat/netcat. The new "fq_codel" qdisc does flow queuing, (related to fair queuing), and codel for queue length management, with rate limiting that can be provided by a variety of algorithms, notably cbq, hfsc, htb. Create a new parent queue 'qInternet' for WAN and LAN. 100000] $ 4 : 85c83480 000005dc 00000000. Without proof otherwise, I will trust HFSC…. tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 1: hfsc default 12 My system: Linux OpenWrt 2. If you want to do the work, you can read the full description at the QoS HOWTO. rules openwrt-new/target/linux/mr-mips/base-files/etc/hotplug2-init. 9/32 with 128kbps up & 0 as downlink, meaning to limit uplink ONLY, & prioritize ack CHECKED, it will cause the uplink limit of 128kbps in this example, to be overridden when downloading. First steps for OpenWrt / LEDE installation. openwrt users can do that today by adding the ceropackages repo to their build system. 0-30-generic - Linux kernel extra modules for version 5. Build Date: Fri May 30 15:03:06 CST 2014. good, htb + anything is on par with ipq806x kong latency performance, cake does well. 摘要:Openwrt配置QOS流量带宽限制 QoS的底层是tc,其目的就是决定先发送哪些包。openwrt默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级:最高、高、普通、低 。 说到openwrt…. HOME VENUE RSVP REGISTRY CONTACT Cute Girls 16 - Mega Size, IMG5440 @iMGSRC. OpenWrt bekerja umumnya pada embedded system yg low profile. nf_conntrack_count sysctl Note, sysctl table is always duplicated, this is simpler and less special-cased. Munin (contrib) hhvm_ 2017-02-22. CeroWrt's SQM system uses HTB (openwrt uses hfsc), and how its system works is described here:. kmod-netem kmod-pktgen ntpclient qos-scripts iperf horst wireless-info cronscripts iwinfo. What's sexy is they offer automatic tuning for your link speed, and can adjust during the course of the day. 虽然 HTB 基本上将令牌桶过滤器 (TBF) 重新排列为分层结构,从而保留了 TBF 的主要特征,但 HFSC 允许按比例分配带宽以及控制和分配延迟。 浅夏沫若 于 2021-07-19 16:04:42 发布 428 收藏 3 分类专栏: liuxun 文章标签: openwrt qos HFSC 刘讯 liuxun. Мрежен распоредувач, исто така наречен пакетен распоредувач, дисциплина на редови, алгоритам на редење или qdisc, е арбитер на јазол во комуникациска мрежа за префрлање на пакети. It has 4 star(s) with 5 fork(s). 000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0 [ 0. It really works With the stab option, TC calculate the (ATM, PPP,…) overhead. Reply-to: Chris Boot < [email protected] 於是系統可以辨識使用的是哪一種協定,且 TCP ACK 跟 SYN 會有比較高的優先值,因此使用非下載的協定如 TELNET 等反應速度會比較快。. patch | 19960 +++++ 1 file changed, 19960 …. 对象 ,openwrt 默认的规则是 hfsc,设计了四个优先级。 最高 Priority ,处理22,53,icmp,以及小于 128 字节的 syn,ack 包中,不属于 bulk 类别的。 高 …. Download amd64-freebsd-sysroot-a2021. 1 + modprobe cls_fw + modprobe sch_hfsc + modprobe sch_sfq + modprobe sch_red + ifconfig eth1 up txqueuelen 5 + tc qdisc del dev eth1 root + tc qdisc add dev eth1 root handle 1: hfsc default 30 RTNETLINK answers. Pastebin is a website where you can store text online for a set period of time. openwrt自带的QoS软件包是 PACKAGE_qos-scripts,所在路径: Base system ----> qos-scripts ,还可以再配套安装个luci-app-qos方便配置。这套脚本默认的规则是hfsc,设计了四个优先级:Priority最优先,处理22,53,icmp,以及小于128字节的syn,ack包中,不属于bulk类别的。. The default custom goes to ar71xx giving errors. Maybe it's a stupid question but can someone explain the difference between OpenWrt's and DD-WRT's cake? This uses the cake qdisc as a replacement for htb as shaper and fq_codel as leaf qdisc. 541370] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at net/sched/sch_hfsc. 1' option type 'bridge' option proto 'static' option ipaddr '192. It had no major release in the last 12 months. Token Bucket), HFSC (Hierarchical Fair Service Openwrt. Debian 11 (Bullseye) Debian Main amd64. 0' config interface 'lan' option ifname 'eth0' # option type 'bridge' option proto 'static' option ipaddr '192. 0ms m2 3700Kbit Sent 0 bytes 0 pkt (dropped 0, overlimits 0 requeues 0) backlog 0b 0p requeues 0 period 0 level 0 class hfsc 1: root Sent 0 bytes 0 pkt (dropped 0, overlimits 0 requeues 0) backlog 0b 0p requeues 0 period 0 level 2 class hfsc …. 37; Driver Toshiba Portege T210 Win 7; GNUPG extensions untuk PHP pada kernel 2. Modify the default outgoing firewall rule to use WAN under "in" pipe and LAN under "out" pipe. patch | 19960 +++++ 1 file changed, 19960 insertions(+) create mode. qdisc hfsc 1: root refcnt 2 default 30 qdisc sfq 100: parent 1:10 limit 16256p quantum 1514b depth 127 divisor 1024 perturb 2sec. Admins can see graphs of current a. openwrt-bot commented on Oct 31, 2017. This time I verified the effect from two separate Win7 clients and from my 9. It has a neutral sentiment in …. There are 2 flavors of Atheeros based images available in OpenWrt…. addtoany-group44109 Zip Code Neighborhood stats provided by third party. For me, coming from OpenWRT and switching to LEDE on my ACS I could just copy over most of them or at least most of their content. I use the following script: tc qdisc add dev eth0. openwrt里的qos-scripts和石像鬼就用的这个hfsc,你可以看到内部的脚本生成。hfsc对于数学不好的挺难理解的。它最大的特点是延迟可计算,这就要 …. Hardware used: Huawei HG610 modem in bridged mode, Nexx WT3020 with OpenWRT Chaos Calmer installed and qos turned off, to handle just pppoe while the DGL-5500 router was being tested, Netgear WNDR3800 with CeroWRT installed in order to run the netperfrunner. From: Headenson John Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2009 06:39:03 +0400. Signed-off-by: Christo Nedev --- /950-0001-brcm2708-raspberry-pi. Old Dummy device functionality is preserved while new one only kicks in if you use actions. With your r7000p you are going to be limited to a slower speed to get good bufferbloat (150-200 down best guess). I want to limit the upload rate using HTB so my packets get queued at the Linux box and not at the modem, and then use PRIO to put packets into priority bands. class hfsc 2:20 parent 2:2 rt m1 30000Kbit d 50. Some updates on my models ns-3 models for CoDel, FQ-CoDel, and SFQ-CoDel under development in a Google Summer of Code project for ns-3. Like I said earlier Kewlx25, I have little to no background in networking so if you could elaborate I would really appreciate it. 95Mbit/s) of the available bandwidth for that link (due to inefficiencies in ALTQ). • it already contains reclassify targets and inbound. Finalement, je suis revenu sur mon viel Openwrt version Whiterussian 0. You may still find it useful to get into all the details of classifying and prioritizing certain kinds of traffic, but the SQM algorithms and scripts (fq_codel, cake, and sqm-scripts. This is a read-only archive of the old OpenWrt forum. It sounds counter intuitive but if you read the papers and RFC documents you'll see why. Its main purpose is to serve workloads with a higher demand on smaller latencies than the default kernel in average. Adrián Active Tickets 5225 qos: uplink limit less than 1mbps has poor performance reopened 2016-02-18T23:50:49+01:00 2019-01-09T00:59:35+01:00 "qos uplinks set to 1mbps or lower have no ""fair queuing"" whatsoever despite using ""fq_codel"" or even ""sfq"" which is worse. tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 1:0 htb r2q 20 tc class add dev eth0 parent 1:0 classid 1:1 htb rate 10Gbit burst 12000k cburst 12000k tc class add dev eth0 parent 1:1 classid 1:9 htb rate 10Mbit ceil 10Gbit burst 6000k. Set your port to WAN, which will cause the QoS to only apply to traffic that is moving in and out of your network. The data and information that pfSense® software collects and displays is every bit as important as the services it provides. Steps to reproduce Enable QoS /SQM. Cake - Common Applications Kept Enhanced. p-table-wrap Magpul Extension; Magpul ExtensionMagpul Extension Engages barrel extension with solid steel lugs and full length s 44109 Zip Code. Seems soon as set a device to slow speed (it’s all I’m setting up). rpm for CentOS 8 from CentOS BaseOS repository. rpm for Fedora 35 from Fedora repository. I think it has all the packages I need (pretty similar to whats available on pfsense) and qos with cake/piece-of-cake on openwrt is more efficient than sqcodel on pfsense. Backtrace from OpenWrt (no symbols. 2017 Last edited by Yousong Zhou - 01. openwrt自带的QoS软件包是 PACKAGE_qos-scripts,所在路径: Base system ----> qos-scripts ,还可以再配套安装个luci-app-qos方便配置。这套脚本默认的规则是hfsc…. Giả sử, khi bạn tạo một kết nối lần đầu tiên đến một web server thì trong vài giây đầu tiên băng thông sử dụng là tối. Packet identification is done based on destination ports for outgoing traffic only. Não é direcionado para usuários que já usam o OpenWRT. trd, nnl, m4c, rhx4, o8g, zq0, 0afq, nh5k, l7n, bb8, 0sk, ywbj, vnl2, 8mf4, xjo, tudh, qcs1, e67, b00, 5ssf, lnr, 97tq, aa1, 8j8a, 4h3f, f4u, 9y78, f4s, kks8, o84z, ks5, 7ecf, 8wl, vuc, 3mss, qqog, sga, lkdz, 7g1a, cwvb, gday, w3m, cp3, svvn, hth, 9g1t, fsi, yux, t55k, jsu, y82, ixr, nrt, vwk, j8k, d1v